Hemorrhoids are veins in the wall in your rectum and anus that have become twisted, swollen and inflamed. They can form either externally or internally and the resulting lumps can cause pain and bleeding. If you have hemorrhoid inside your anus, above the junction of your rectum and anus, you have an internal hemorrhoid. If your hemorrhoid is below this junction and the skin around the anus, they are considered to be external. Both types of hemorrhoids may remain in your anus or protrude outside it.

Hemorrhoids are most often created by an increase in pressure, usually from straining to have

a bowel movement. Hemorrhoids are common in people with chronic digestive problems, chronic constipation. They are also seen in elderly and during pregnancy. Another common cause of hemorrhoids is obesity.

The most common sign of internal hemorrhoid is the presence of bright red blood in stool. It is possible for an internal hemorrhoid to protrude through your anus, however, in which case you will experience some irritation and pain. If your hemorrhoids are external, your symptoms can include swelling or lump around your anus.

These are referred to as thrombosed external hemorrhoids and can be quite painful. Bleeding from the rectum can be sign of other more serious conditions, including colon cancer, especially if you are elderly.

Preventive measures- Eat fiber rich foods. Vegetables are good sources of fiber. Proceed slowly if you are not used to getting much fiber in your diet. Eat fresh oranges. Drink plenty of water. Exercise regularly. Take a high quality probiotoc.

In severe cases, it is sometimes necessary for hemorrhoids to be treated surgically or endoscopic ally. However, this should be done only as last resort. Surgery performed for hemorrhoids treatment are- rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, infrared coagulation, hemorrhoidectomy. Always, strive to prevent a condition like hemorrhoids.

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Article Written By Dr.Simran

Doctor, Professional Medical Writer and Moderator

Last updated on 22-07-2016 151 0

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