Diabetes increases the risk of various other illnesses like angina, heart attack, stroke, gangrene. Early diagnosis, planned meal and regular exercise play a vital role in management of complications of diabetes. If diabetes is detected at the initial stage and if the person then has planned meals and does regular exercise, they may never require treatment of drugs. If at all drugs are required, their quantities will be decreased.
Regular exercise may be useful in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes. Patients who are exercising achieve better blood glucose level control. Exercise helps in the prevention of coronary arterydiseases. Exercise causes decrease in blood cholesterol levels.
Regular exercise improves the insulin sensitivity in diabetics and insulin in body becomes more effective. Exercise reduces blood pressure in hypertensive diabetics. Exercise helps in weight control, when used along with calorie control meal plans. Exercise reduces the risk of clot formation in the blood vessels.
Regular exercise in diabetics improves fitness of the patient. Type and duration of exercise varies from patient to patient depending upon their condition, age and associated diseases. Simple exercises like brisk walking are suitable for persons of any age. The amount of exercise and type in the middle aged and older persons depend upon their physical capability.
Pre-exercising health evaluation is necessary
Diabetics must do moderate intensity exercise for longer duration. Diabetics are advised to do exercise for half an hour at least three to four times a week. Diabetics must not start exercising suddenly. There must be initial warm up period of five to ten minutes by doing very light exercises like slow walking, slow steady cycling.
Exercise should never be performed on a full stomach or immediately after meals. It is advisable to do exercise two to three hours after meals, when the blood insulin level is at its peak. Avoid doing exercises in very hot or cold weather.
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