There is no need to worry or take action to bring down the temperature unless it is above 38 degree C or it is hard to tolerate. Wet cold compresses on the forehead, back of neck, wrists and calves will bring down the temperature. Take care not to reduce the temperature too much. A child with fever should not be sponged or bathed in cold or lukeworm water. This can lead to excessive drop of temperature that brings in shivering. Shivering may cause further rise in temperature. For this thermometer should be used frequently so that this could bereported to the doctor.
Plenty of liquids should be given to the patient so as to enable pass plenty of urine. Water or drinks with vitamin C like lemon or orange juice are good choices. The room of the patient should be well ventliated. On diet, it is better to switch over tomilk diet from the day of fever starting. The patient can be given milk with bread. Rice and daal are other substitute. On precautions, if the patient has coughed up phlegm or blood, vomitted or passed blood in urine or stool, he should be taken to the doctor immediately. In pateints having heart problems or diabetes, medical monitoring is urgently needed if they catch fevers. If the body temperature is from 38.5 degree C to 39 degree C for more than 72 hours, immediate medical treatment is required from a doctor. Unusual drowsiness, laboured breathing, severe abdominal pains, diarrhoea with fever also needs attention of doctor.
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